- an Overview
Acupuncture meridians or
channels are the linear structures which link into an intricate network
connecting with the body’s internal organ systems. In Chinese,
acupuncture channels are referred to as ‘Jing Luo’.
‘Jing’ means a pathway, which runs up and down and connects the
inner and outer, while ‘Luo’ means a network, which intersects and
covers all areas of the body. Thus together, these words mean ‘a
network of pathways’.
Upon discovery of the therapeutic functions of
acupuncture points vis a vis clinical patterns, ancient medical scholars
also discovered sensory links between acupoints on the surface of the
body and the normal and abnormal functioning of internal organ systems
inside the body.
On the basis of this observed sensory experience, ancient medical scholars used the
philosophy of the yin and yang, to develop the workings and theory of
the acupuncture channel system. The first ancient medical text to
document the acupuncture meridian network was the second volume of the Yellow
Emperor’s Canons On Medicine,
the 1st Canon On Acupuncture, written (475—221 BC).
According to this canon, the network of channels is a web of pathways
that links the internal organ system with the skin, flesh, ligaments and
bones, making the body function as an integral whole. Connecting the
internal, external, lower and outer parts of the body, the network
channels and transports Chi, blood and body fluids to all parts of the
body, thereby providing them with nourishment. If the network of the
channels functions normally, then the chi, blood and body fluids can
flow smoothly to the internal organ systems, bringing nourishment to
them and making the body free from illness.
However, if any part of the channel system becomes
blocked or weak and deficient, disease occurs and clinical patterns
corresponding to the blocked channel(s) will be manifested.
Most clinical patterns correspond
to the signs and symptoms occurring along the orbit
flow of the blocked channels. For example, pain along the flanks or
localised tenderness along this region reflects disharmony
of the liver system whose channel flows through these
main problem in healing is the balancing of the energy
flows. Usually, this balancing occurs unrecognised as a
by-product of other successful treatments. However,
healing can be initiated and accelerated by deliberately
treating the meridians with the express purpose of
useful method for this is to follow the outline of a
this link for Meridian Chart
), with one finger or with several fingers held closely
together. Following a meridian in the normal flow
direction is strengthening, while tracing in the opposite
direction will weaken and sedate the meridian. The results
of these tracements may be checked with muscle testing.
order to perform a meridian tracement, pause with your
fingers for a moment at the starting-point; then follow
the meridian in a quiet, fluent motion. The fingers should
be close to the body but do not actually need to touch the
skin. It is enough to remain within about 5 cm of the
actual course of the meridian.
meridians on both sides may be traced simultaneously. In
repeated tracements move the hands back to the
starting-point in a wide sweep to avoid following the
meridian in the reverse direction.
may trace all the main meridians once or several times
daily, or you may concentrate on the meridians most in
need of improvement. Important meridians may be traced
repeatedly during the day for 20 times or more. The
strengthening effect may be increased if after several
tracements you do a muscle-tensing exercise, Taking a deep
breath while tensing your whole body and then relaxing it